Ayurveda Pareeksha is examining patient to identify the social, physical and mental conditions of a person that seeks treatment. The physician studies the person as a whole; level of emotional stability, lifestyle, etc are the things to look for.
Ayurveda thoroughly analyzes the total condition of a patient’s body to find the underlying symptoms instead of finding methods to suppress the symptoms. Thus to find out the real source of the diseases, Ayurveda follows certain tests and examinations which are must. This is referred as ‘rogi pareeksha’ in Ayurvedic terms. The examination of the patient in three different stages helps in finding out the possible reason for the diseases or the ailment in the patient’s body.
In Darsanam the general characteristics of the patient’s body is thoroughly studied by a keen observation and inspection. During this session factors like age along with the total history of the patient is recorded and only then it is further preceded.
Sparsanam proceeds with examination is done by the touch method. Pulse diagnosis or Nadi Pareeksha, which involves the physician feeling the pulse of the patient, is one of the best methods to get a clear picture of the body’s present condition.
Here the patient is examined by questioning formally about his ailments and the symptoms or the difficulties he/she is undergoing because of the diseases. This is done mainly to synchronize or to cross verify the conclusion of the doctor with that of the patients.
Dasavidha & Ashtasthana Pareeksha
Apart from Darsanam, Sparsanam and Prasnam the Ayurvedic Pareeksha involves other detailed examination to find the various causes behind the diseases. In the Dasavidha & Ashtasthana Pareeksha there are certain factors which are taken into consideration during the examination and tests carried out with the patients.