Hypertension is a long term medical condition,in which the blood pressure in the arteries is persistently elevated.
Long term high blood pressure is a major risk factor for coronary artery disease,heart failure,peripheral vascular
disease,vision loss & chronic kidney disease. BP is expressed by 2 measurements,the systolic & diastolic
pressure which are the maximum & minimum pressure. Normal Blood pressure at rest is within the range of 100-
140mmhg systolic & 60-90mmhg diastolic.
Common Symptems of Hypertension
- Head ache
- Shortness of breath
- Nose bleeds
But these signs & symptoms aren’t specific & usually don’t occur until high blood pressure has reached a severe or life threatening stage.
The exact cause of high blood pressure is not known,but several factors & condition may play a role in its
Lack of physical activity
Too much salt in diet
Too much alcohol intake
Family history of high blood pressure
Chronic kidney disease
Adrenal & thyroid diseases
Effect of Life Style
Life style changes can help to control high blood pressure. Eat healthy foods-diet emphasizes of fruits,vegetables,whole grains,poultry,fish & low fat diary foods.
Maintain a healthy weight
Regular physical exercise
Limit the intake of alcohol
Monitor blood pressure at home
Control blood pressure during pregnancy
Home Remedies for Hypertension
Drink a cup of warm water with the juice from half a lemon added to it,each morning on empty stomach.Lemon help to keep blood vessels soft & pliable & by removing any rigidity,high blood pressure will be reduced.
Eat one or two crushed garlic clove daily.This promotes good blood flow & reduce the pressure on the heart.
People with high blood pressure can eat banana regularly.Bananas are a rich source of potassium,which
lessens the effect of sodium.
People with high blood pressure should keep their body well hydrated.It is a good idea to drink 8-10gls of water
daily.Coconut water is beneficial for lowering blood pressure.
Dried & roasted seeds of watermelon helps to reduce high blood pressure by dilating the blood vessels.
Consumption of vegetables including potato,carrot & spinach Play a significant role in lowering blood pressure.
Sedentary life style marked by stress & tension contribute to high blood pressure,so stress free life aided by relaxation & meditation will be of considerable help.