The roots of Ayurveda, one of the oldest medicinal system in the world can be traced back to 5000 years from today. This natural system of medicine is a way of life, a philosophy and a science of healing and health care. The word ‘Ayurveda’ is derived from two Sanskrit words, “ayus, the life” and “veda, the knowledge”.
Originated in India, later it spread to other Asian nations such as Tibet, China by the Buddhist monks. Tibetan medicine, Traditional Chinese Medicine and Greek medicine have their roots in Ayurveda.
Mythology has it that Brahma, the creator, imparted the knowledge of Ayurveda to Prajapati Daksha, then passed to the Ashwinikumaras and finally Dhanvantari received this knowledge. Dhanvantari spreaded this invaluable science of longevity on the earth and also was deified as the god of this medicine.
Ayurveda traces its origins to the Vedas, which are the ancient Indian testimonials give references into illness, cures and other health-related issues. Before the advent of writing, the ancient wisdom of this healing system was a part vedic religion. The Vedic Brahmanas spreaded the knowledge orally, who were not only priests performing religious rites and ceremonies, they were expert Vaidyas also ( Physicians )
In the post -Vedic period, all these valuable ancient principles got organized and presented in the three authentic Samhitas that we have today are Charaka Samhita, Sushruta Samhita and Ashtanga Hridayaam. Charaka’s work Charaka Samhita covers illness and their cures with a stress on preventive care whereas Susrutha’s Susrutha Samhita is mainly a textbook on surgical practices. Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridayam, is also considered as a well known text on this medicinal system
The main reference of Ayurveda is found in the fourth Veda – the Artharvaveda. Ayurveda is considered as the fifth Veda and an offspring of the Atharvaveda.
In ancient times, Students from Rome, Greece, Persia and China came to India to learn this vedic knowledge from two schools – Atreya- the school of physicians, and Dhanvantari – the school of surgeons.